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State Industries Promotion Corporation of Tamilnadu Ltd (SIPCOT) was established in the year 1971 to develop industrial growth in Tamilnadu. The organization involves in the formation of industrial complexes by providing basic and comprehensive infrastructure facilities for the industries to set up their units. Further, the organization was earlier vested with the task of providing financial assistance to medium and large industries by way of term loan and was discharging the agency function of the State Government to disburse various incentives to the industries throughout the State.

Food Processing Policy Initiatives
  Food Processing Policy Initiatives
 
Since liberalisation several policy measures have been taken with regard to regulation & control, fiscal policy, export & import, taxation, exchange & interest rate control, export promotion and incentives to high priority industries. Food processing and agro industries have been accorded high priority with a number of important relieves and incentives. Some of the important policy changes are as follows
  Regulation & Control
 
No industrial license is required for almost all of the food & agro processing industries except for some items like: beer, potable alcohol & wines, cane sugar, hydrogenated animal fats & oils etc. and items reserved for exclusive manufacture in the small scale sector. Items reserved for S.S.I. include pickles & chutneys, bread, confectionery (excluding chocolate, toffees and chewing-gum etc.), rapeseed, mustard, sesame & groundnut oils (except solvent extracted), ground and processed spices other than spice oil and olioresins, sweetened cashew nut products, tapioca sago and tapioca flour.
 
Automatic investment approval (including foreign technology agreements within specified norms) upto 51% foreign equity or 100% NRI (including Overseas Corporate Bodies (OCBs)) equity is allowed for most of food processing sector, except malted food, alcoholic beverages including beer and those reserved for S.S.I. For some industries dividend balancing with net foreign exchange earnings is necessary for automatic clearance.
 
No industrial license is required for almost all of the food & agro processing industries except for some items like: beer, potable alcohol & wines, cane sugar, hydrogenated animal fats & oils etc. and items reserved for exclusive manufacture in the small scale sector. Items reserved for S.S.I. include pickles & chutneys, bread, confectionery (excluding chocolate, toffees and chewing-gum etc.), rapeseed, mustard, sesame & groundnut oils (except solvent extracted), ground and processed spices other than spice oil and olioresins, sweetened cashew nut products, tapioca sago and tapioca flour.
 
Upto a maximum of 24% foreign equity is allowed in SSI sector
 
Use of foreign brand names are now freely permitted.
 
MRTP (Monopolies & Restrictive Trade Practices Act) rules and FERA (Foreign Exchange Regulation Act) regulations have been relaxed to encourage investment and expansion by large corporates.
 
Most of the items can be freely imported and exported except for items in the negative lists for imports & exports.
 
Capital goods are also freely importable, including second hand ones in the food processing sector.
  Fiscal Policy And Taxation
 
Wide ranging fiscal policy changes have been introduced progressively. Excise & Import duty rates have been reduced substantially. Many processed food items are totally exempt from excise duty.
 
Custom duty rates have been substantially reduced on plant & equipments, as well as on raw materials and intermediates, especially for export production.
 
Corporate taxes have been reduced and there is a shift towards market related interest rates. There are tax incentives for new manufacturing units for certain years, except for industries like : beer, wine , aerated water using flavouring concentrates, confectionery & chocolates etc.
 
Indian currency (rupee) is now fully convertible on current account and convertibility on capital account with unified exchange rate mechanism is foreseen in coming years.
 
Repatriation of profits is freely permitted in many industries except for some, where there is an additional requirement of balancing the dividend payments through export earnings.
  Export Promotion
 
Food processing industry is one of the thrust areas identified for exports. Free trade zones (FTZ) and export processing zones (EPZ) have been set up with all infrastructure. Also, setting up of 100% Export oriented units (EOU) is encouraged in other areas. They may import free of duty all types of goods, including capital foods.
 
Capital goods, including spares upto 20% of the CIF value of the Capital goods may be imported at a concessional rate of Customs duty subject to certain export obligations under the EPCG scheme. Export linked duty free imports are also allowed.
 
Units in EPZ/FTZ and 100% Export oriented units can retain 50% of foreign exchange receipts in foreign currency accounts.
 
50% of the production of EPZ/FTZ and 100% EOU units is saleable in domestic tariff area.
 
All profits from export sales are completely free from corporate taxes. Profits from such exports are also exempt from Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT). (Source-Food Processing Industries in India)
 
The Food Processing Industry sector in India is one of the largest in terms of production, consumption, export and growth prospects. The government has accorded it a high priority, with a number of fiscal reliefs and incentives, to encourage commercialisation and value addition to agricultural produce; for minimising pre/post harvest wastage, generating employment and export growth.Important sub sectors in food processing industries are:- Fruit & Vegetable Processing, Fish-processing, Milk Processing, Meat & Poultry Processing, Packaged/Convenience Foods, Alcoholic beverages & Soft drinks and Grain Processing etc.As a result of several POLICY INITIATIVES undertaken since liberalisation in August 1991, the industry has witnessed fast growth in most of the segments. As per a recent study on the food processing sector, the turnover of the total food market is approximately Rs.250,000 crores (US $ 69.4 billion) out of which value-added food products comprise Rs.80,000 crores (US $ 22.2 billion)Since liberalisation in Aug'91 and up-till Feb 2000 proposals for projects of over Rs.53,800 crores (US.13.4 billion) have been proposed in various segments of the food and agro-processing industry. Besides this, Govt. has also approved proposals for joint ventures, foreign collaboration, industrial licenses and 100%export oriented units envisaging an investment of Rs.19,100 crores (US $ 4.80 billion) during the same period. Out of this, foreign investment is over Rs. 9100 crores (US $ 18.2 billion).Processed food exports were at over Rs.13,500 crores (US $ 3.2 billion ) in 1998-99. Out of these exports, rice accounted for 46%, whereas marine products accounted for over 34%.Primary food processing is a major industry with lakhs of rice-mills/hullers, flour mills, pulse mills and oil-seed mills. There are several thousands of bakeries, traditional food units and fruit/veg./spice processing units in unorganised sector.In the organised sector, there are over 820 flour mills, 418 fish processing units, 5198 fruit/veg processing units, 171 meat processing units.
 
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Industrial Complexes
To ensure a good impact with the available limited resources, SIPCOT has created Industrial Complexes and Parks, strategically located in Nineteen places and Twelve Districts, which occupy a place of pride in the State's industrial map.
 
 
 
 

 

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